India new form of border control from space by satillites.
The nation of India shares a land border with Pakistan, Bhutan, Myanmar, Nepal, China, and Bangladesh.
It was announced in recent times that the ISRO (Indian Space Research Organization)will launch a satellite solely for the Home Ministry to further improve its frontier with Bangladesh, Pakistan and other countries that share a border with India.
This is based on the official statement revealed on the 17th of January 2019. This project is based on the recommendation of a task force that advises the use of space technology to improve border control.
This recommendation was accepted by the Home Minister Rajnath Singh. This satellite will also be used to guide the deployment of Central para-military forces in remote and difficult areas.
The major recommendation of the report is to improve the capacity in border guarding forces to utilize space resources for the operational planning system, Island development, communication and navigation, GIS border infrastructural development and security. This was revealed by the Home Ministry.
In order to execute this project in a time-bound manner, short, medium and long term plans were proposed for implementation over a period of about 5 years. This initiative will be done in close coordination with the defense ministry and ISRO.
The short term need involves meeting the immediate need of border guarding forces by getting high-resolution imagery and enhanced bandwidth for communications.
The statement also revealed that the mid-term plan involves the use of a satellite being launched by the ISRO for exclusive use by the Home Ministry.
The long term plans involve the home ministry building ground segment and network infrastructure to share satellite resources by user agencies, build a Central Archival Facility for storing various imagery resources and dissemination of the same to user agencies.
Satellite communication will also be used to coordinate the Deployment of the Central Armed Forces in a remote and difficult area.
Operational parties in high altitude, remote and difficult borders, and Naxal areas will get navigation facilities from the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS)-based GPS, the Home Ministry revealed.
It was also revealed that the implementation of the ground segment and network infrastructure, including the development of the archival facility, will be done by the Border Security Force (BSF) as the lead agency.
The Department of space will help the home ministry in the implementation of this initiative.
This initiative was developed in an effort to strengthen island and border security and make the development of infrastructure in border/island areas easier.
The task force has members from the Department of Space and BSF and it is headed by Joint Secretary (Border Management). This task force consulted every shareholder including National Security Council Secretariat (NSCS), the Defense Ministry, the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) and Border Guarding Forces (BGFs) to finalize the report.
The major recommendation of the report is to improve the capacity in border guarding forces to utilize space resources for the operational planning system, Island development, communication and navigation, GIS border infrastructural development and security.
The Daily Star
Times of India