Space Country Reports

INDIA SPACE PROGRAMME

Posted by Beverley Smith on

  The beginning of the Indian space program can be traced back to 1962 when the Indian National Committee for Space Research (INCOSPAR) was established by the work of independent India’s first Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru and his close aide and scientist Vikram Sarabhai.    Flag of India   In November 1969, the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) was established to institutionalize the Indian space programme. The Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) had its headquarter situated in Bangalore for the rapid development of space technologies and their applications. However, the organization’s current headquarters is located in the city of Bengaluru....

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UNITED STATES SPACE PROGRAMME

Posted by Beverley Smith on

  The United States programme has its origin rooted in the Intermediate Range and Intercontinental Ballistic Missile Programs that became known at the end of World War II when the military wanted to be able to launch larger and heavier payloads into space with the use of rockets.   This is why a lot of the earliest spacecrafts launched like the Titan, Thor and Atlas originated as IRBMs (Intermediate Range Ballistic Missile) and ICBMs (Intercontinental Ballistic Missile).   In the mid-1950s, the United States had access and technology to launch a satellite into Earth’s orbit. The country planned to launch...

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BRAZIL SPACE PROGRAMME

Posted by Beverley Smith on

Brazil is one of the many Third World countries that have a longstanding space programme with little attention in the international press.  Before the creation of the Brazilian Space Agency in 1994, the nation’s space programme had significant capabilities in satellite manufacturing, launch sites, and launch vehicles.  The Brazilian Space Agency has sought to coordinate the space activities of Brazil and has pursued cooperation with other space programs for joint technological development with countries like United States, India, Ukraine, China, and Russia.

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RUSSIAN- ROSCOSMOS STATE CORPORATION FOR SPACE ACTIVITIES

Posted by Beverley Smith on

The agency that is mainly responsible for Russia’s space programme is the Roscosmos State Corporation for Space Activities which is often commonly referred to as Roscosmos.   The Roscosmos State Corporation for Space Activities is said to be a state corporation that is responsible for the space flight and cosmonautics programme for the Russian Federation. Roscosmos was initially part of the Federal Space Agency, and then it developed and secured itself as the national state corporation on December 28, 2015, through a presidential decree. Originally before 1992, Roscosmos was commonly known as the Russian Aviation and Space Agency. The main...

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JAPAN SPACE PROGRAMME

Posted by Beverley Smith on

The beginning of the Japan space programme can be traced back to the mid-1950s when a research group led by Hideo Itokawa at the University of Tokyo. Initially, the size of the rocket designed by the Japan space programme was less than 30cm (12inches), then it increased to over 15m (49ft) in the mid-1960s. The primary goal of this original research was to successfully launch a man-made satellite. By the 1960s, two organizations have been created for space activities and its regulations and these organizations are the National Space Development Agency of Japan (NASDA) and the Institute of Space and...

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