RUSSIAN- ROSCOSMOS STATE CORPORATION FOR SPACE ACTIVITIES

Posted by Beverley Smith on

The agency that is mainly responsible for Russia’s space programme is the Roscosmos State Corporation for Space Activities which is often commonly referred to as Roscosmos.

 

The Roscosmos State Corporation for Space Activities is said to be a state corporation that is responsible for the space flight and cosmonautics programme for the Russian Federation. Roscosmos was initially part of the Federal Space Agency, and then it developed and secured itself as the national state corporation on December 28, 2015, through a presidential decree.


Originally before 1992, Roscosmos was commonly known as the Russian Aviation and Space Agency. The main aim of the Roscosmos State Corporation for Space Activities is to oversee and execute a comprehensive reform of the Russian Space industry. The Roscosmos State Corporation for Space Activities is in charge of ensuring the execution of the Russian government’s Space programme and its legal regulation. Roscosmos is also in charge of placing orders for the development supply and manufacture of space equipment and space infrastructure materials.

 


The Roscosmos State Corporation for Space Activities has its headquarters situated in Moscow while its primary Mission Control Space Center is situated in the nearby city of Korolev. And also, the Russian training center Yuri Gagarin Training Center is situated in Star city, which is also in Moscow Oblast. It mainly uses launch facilities like the Vostochny Cosmodrome that is built in the Russian Far East in Amur Oblast and the Baikonur Cosmodrome which situated in Kazakhstan and most manned and unmanned launches often take place there.

 

The present director of the Roscosmos State Corporation for Space Activities since May 2018 is Dmitry Rogozin. Also, in 2015, the Russian government combined the Roscosmos State Corporation for Space Activities with the United Rocket and Space Corporation, which made it become the Roscosmos State Corporation which is a renationalized Russian Space industry. The Roscosmos State Corporation is in charge of the international space cooperation and tasked with preparing the stage for the future use of results of space activities in the social and economic development of Russia.

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SPACE PROGRAMME


The Russian Space agency is also credited with being the agency to first successfully send a human into the Earth’s orbit. The first man to orbit the Earth is the Russian Yuri Gagarin on April 12, 1961, in the first manned spacecraft for 108 minutes. And the first woman in space is the Russian Valentina Tereshkova who orbited the Earth 48 times on June 16 to June 19 in 1963. The Russian Space Agency has also been credited with the launch of the first artificial satellite during the reign of the Soviet Union.


The Roscosmos State Corporation is in charge of the international space cooperation and tasked with preparing the stage for the future use of results of space activities in the social and economic development of Russia.


Cosmonaut Aleksei Leonov also became the first man to take a spacewalk on March 18, 1965. And by July 17 to July 19, U.S. astronauts and Soviet cosmonauts take part in the Apollo Soyuz Test Project, docking together for a period of two days. The Space Agency also launched its first unmanned space shuttle, Buran on November 15, 1988. This was three hours, twenty-minute flight. Two Cosmonauts Musa Manarov and Vladimir Titov return to Earth after participating in human’s longest space flight on the Soviet space station for 365 days, 22 hours and 39 minutes.


Also, Norman Thagard became the first American to be launched on a Russian rocket on March 14, 1995, and after two days of flight; he became the first Americal to be aboard the Russian Space station Mir. By November 2, 2000, a crew containing Americans and Russians has started living together onboard the International space station.


The Roscosmos State Corporation for Space Activities has also announced its plan to send a possible probe to the Red Planet, Mars in the future. The main objective of the Roscosmos State Corporation for Space Activities is to explore the space and look for regions that will later be a space station. This agency has also expressed its interest in the permanent colonization of Mars for future human habitation.


The Roscosmos State Corporation for Space Activities has also signed inter-governmental space cooperation agreements with other countries like Chile, the United Kingdom, Brazil, Ukraine, Russia, the United States, France, India, Pakistan, Italy, Germany, and some other countries. The governmental space cooperation agreements have resulted in significant achievements.

 


GOALS OF THE ROSCOSMOS STATE CORPORATION FOR SPACE ACTIVITIES


The Roscosmos State Corporation for Space Activities was established to be the coordinating center for space activities in Russia. This agency is tasked with performing a number of civilian activities (including monitoring the Earth and Russian Space programme) and coordinating with the Defense Ministry of the Russian Federation for Military Launches.


Originally before 1992, Roscosmos was commonly known as the Russian Aviation and Space Agency. The main aim of the Roscosmos State Corporation for Space Activities is to oversee and execute a comprehensive reform of the Russian Space industry. The Roscosmos State Corporation for Space Activities is in charge of ensuring the execution of the Russian government’s Space programme and its legal regulation. Roscosmos is also in charge of placing orders for the development supply and manufacture of space equipment and space infrastructure materials.

 

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The Roscosmos State Corporation is in charge of the international space cooperation and tasked with preparing the stage for the future use of results of space activities in the social and economic development of Russia.

OBJECTIVES


The former head of the Russian Federal Space Agency, Vladimir Popovkin announced that the Roscosmos State Corporation for State Activities plans to launch an unmanned spacecraft to the moon before 2050. He also revealed at a State Duma Session that further research will be mainly aimed at space exploration like the exploration of planets in the Solar System such as Mars and the Moon.


The Roscosmos State Corporation is in charge of the international space cooperation and tasked with preparing the stage for the future use of results of space activities in the social and economic development of Russia.
The Roscosmos State Corporation for Space Activities has also announced its plan to send a possible probe to the Red Planet, Mars in the future. The main objective of the Roscosmos State Corporation for Space Activities is to explore the space and look for regions that will later be a space station. This agency has also expressed its interest in the permanent colonization of Mars for future human habitation.


The present president of Russia, Vladimir Putin has announced some vital parts of Russia’s space program on Thursday, April 12, 2018, when the nation was celebrating its national Cosmonautics Day. On this day, the whole nation of Russia celebrated the anniversary of Yuri Gagarin who was famous for being the first human to orbit the Earth. The Russian official stated that this day was the perfect day to celebrate their nation’s space program and announce their future objectives.


The president also announced on this day that they will carry out the first tests of a new super-heavy rocket sometime in the next ten years. These super heavy rockets will be tested at the Vostochny Cosmodrome that is located in Russia’s Far East. However, the president also added that in order to perform these tests, a special infrastructure is required there including a dedicated launch compound. The president revealed that one more launch pad is required at the Vostochny Cosmodrome and that work on the rocket and the new launch site should be carried out simultaneously.


The president also revealed that the country has plans to develop its lunar program. He announced that the Roscosmos State Corporation of Space Activities is planning to send its first crewed mission to the moon by 2030 to create a space station in lunar orbit. After the development of the Moon Orbiting space station, the agency also plans to send modules to the moon. A module is a self contained unit of a spacecraft. There are a lot of different modules that make up the International Space Station.


It was also revealed that the super heavy rocket will be playing a huge role in the country’s lunar program as well as the new series of Spacecraft known as “Federation”. The first of these spacecraft is said to be under manufacturing by RKK Energia, the Spacecraft Manufacturer.

REFERENCES
Phys
Wikipedia
Space Flight Insider
Space Daily
Roscosmos
NASA


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