UNITED KINGDOM SPACE AGENCY (UKSA)

Posted by Beverley Smith on

 

CREDIT: WIKI

Flag of United Kingdom

 

The United Kingdom Space agency which is also often referred to as the UKSA or UK Space agency is an executive agency of the United Kingdom government that is in charge of the United Kingdom’s civil Space programme.

 

This agency came into existence on April 1, 2010, to serve as a replacement agency for the British National Space Centre (BNSC). It took over responsibility for government policies and key budgets that are related to the United Kingdom Space programme.

 

This agency is in charge of all the strategic decisions on space programme involving the United Kingdom. It manages all of UK’s civil space activities under just one management.

 

Its headquarters is situated at the former headquarters of the British National Space Centre (BNSC) in Swindon, Wiltshire.

 

And also, since the United Kingdom’s announcement of its exit from the European Union on November 30, 2018, the UK Space agency will not managing British satellites after its leave 29 March 2019 at 11 pm United Kingdom time.

 

HISTORY OF UNITED KINGDOM SPACE AGENCY (UKSA)

The United Kingdom Space agency came into existence on April 1, 2010, to serve as a replacement agency for the British National Space Centre (BNSC). On March 23, 2010, its establishment was revealed by Lord Mandelson, Lord Drayson and the astronaut Major Timothy Peake at the Queen Elizabeth II Conference Centre.

According to data released to the public, about £230 million of funding and management functions were merged into the UK Space agency from other organizations.

 

This agency was established with the goal of improving the coordination of UK activities in areas like Telecoms, Space exploration, and Earth Science.

 

Before the establishment of the UK Space agency, the Satellite and Space Industry in the United Kingdom was valued at an estimate of £6 billion and it provided about 60,000 employment opportunities.

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The main aim of the UK Space agency is to raise the valued estimate of the Space industry to about £40 billion and 100,000 employment opportunities.

It was also created to represent about ten percent of the worldwide space products and services as opposed to the current six percent.

On February 2010, the Space Innovation and Growth Team published the Space Innovation and Growth Strategy which included plans for a national Space agency.

On April 1, 2011, the agency appointed Dr. David Williams as the Acting Chief Executive and it was revealed that he is the first CEO.

On November 2012, during the ESA Council at Ministerial level, it was announced that the United Kingdom space budget will be significantly increased.

 

AIMS OF THE UNITED KINGDOM SPACE AGENCY

 

 

The United Kingdom Space agency is an executive agency under the Department of Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy. This agency has about two hundred staff based in Swindon, London, and Harwell, Oxfordshire. This agency is in charge of;

  • Developing a strong national space capacity, including industrial and scientific centers of excellence.
  • Working on national and international space projects in collaboration with academia and industry.
  • Regulating the United Kingdom space policy and improving the UK contribution to European initiatives.
  • Managing strategic investment across academia and industry.
  • Managing the United Kingdom civil space activities and making sure that the country meets international treaty obligations.
  • Finding a way to train and inspire growing, skilled United Kingdom workforce of Space scientists, technologists and astronauts.

 

OBJECTIVES OF THE UK SPACE AGENCY

 

The main objective of the United Kingdom Space agency is to be in charge of about ten percent of the global market for space 2030.

Before the establishment of the UK Space agency, the Satellite and Space Industry in the United Kingdom was valued at an estimate of £6 billion and it provided about 60,000 employment opportunities.

The main aim of the UK Space agency is to raise the valued estimate of the Space industry to about £40 billion and 100,000 employment opportunities.

It was also created to represent about ten percent of the worldwide space products and services as opposed to the current six percent.

On February 2010, the Space Innovation and Growth Team published the Space Innovation and Growth Strategy which included plans for a national Space agency.

Other objectives of the UK space agency include;

  • Maintaining the growth of the United Kingdom Space sector which is at the center of the Industrial strategy.
  • Collaborate with the education agency to use space as an inspiring context for teaching and learning for students of all ages and in a wide range of subjects.
  • Develop the United Kingdom Space programme by allowing and encouraging organizations to make a safe and sustainable commercial market for the launch of small satellites and sub-orbital space flights from the United Kingdom spaceports.
  • Implementing the rules and regulation of the United Kingdom Space programme efficiently and effectively and preserve the pace of reform of the United Kingdom’s regulatory regime.
  • Manage the funding, performance and risk management in conveying the Agency’s national and international programmes to get the maximum benefit.
  • Improve the existing international cooperation and produce new partnerships with counties that are strategically aligned with the United Kingdom government priorities, according to mutual interests in science and technology, economic growth and security.

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SPACE PROGRAMME

 

The United Kingdom Space agency came into existence on April 1, 2010, to serve as a replacement agency for the British National Space Centre (BNSC).

This agency took over responsibility for government policies and key budgets that are related to the United Kingdom Space programme.

This agency is in charge of all the strategic decisions on space programme involving the United Kingdom. It manages all of UK’s civil space activities under just one management.

Its headquarters is situated at the former headquarters of the British National Space Centre (BNSC) in Swindon, Wiltshire.

And also, since the United Kingdom’s decision to exit from the European Union on November 30, 2018, the UK Space agency is not managing British satellites.

On March 23, 2010, its establishment was revealed by Lord Mandelson, Lord Drayson and the astronaut Major Timothy Peake at the Queen Elizabeth II Conference Centre. On 1991, Helen Sharman became the first Briton in space when she visited the Russian Mir space station on the Soyuz TM-12. The Soyuz TM-12 was launched on May 18, 1991.

The United Kingdom Space agency has also announced its plan to send a possible probe to the Red Planet, Mars in the future.

The main objective of the United Kingdom Space agency is to explore the space and look for regions that will later be a space station.

This agency has also expressed its interest in the permanent colonization of Mars for future human habitation. On 2003, the Beagle 2 was launched as an effort to land on Mars.

The Beagle 2 was controlled from the National Space Centre in Leicester and communication was lost about six days before it was scheduled to enter the atmosphere. However, no one actually knows for sure whether the Beagle 2 reached the Martian surface.

The United Kingdom Space agency has also signed inter-governmental space cooperation agreements with other countries like Chile, the United Kingdom, Brazil, UKraine, Russia, the United States, France, India, Pakistan, Italy, Germany, and some other countries.

The governmental space cooperation agreements have resulted in significant achievements. It also has partnerships with private organizations like Lockheed Martin.

 

REFERENCES

SAE

Wikipedia

UK Space

CNBC

Gov.UK  

 


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